From the last couple of months, I have been helping few developers to prepare for Java 8 associate certification with exam code 1Z0-808, also known as OCAJP 8. From my experience, both for preparing for Sun certification and helping other developers to get Java certified, I can say that two keys to be successful in Oracle Java certification are choosing a good study guide and buying one or two top quality mock exam simulators. When I say success, it doesn't just passing the exam but scoring above 90% because passing score 65% is not very difficult to achieve and anybody can pass OCAJP8 by just a couple of month of practice but to score 90% and above is not that easy, you need to prepare and prepare hard. Since just passing OCAJP8 will not make the desired impact, I always suggest my students aim for 100%, so the n worst case then can still score above 90%.
The binary search algorithm is one of the most famous search algorithms in computer science. It allows you to search a value in logarithmic time i.e. O(logN), which makes it ideal to search a number in a huge list. For example, in order to search a number in a list of 1 million number will take around 210 comparisons compared to 1 million comparison required by the linear search algorithm. Only thing is that the list must be sorted before you can use binary search algorithm and it must support index-based search. That's why binary search is often implemented using an array because doing a binary search with linked list will not be fast because it doesn't provide index-based access i.e. O(1) access. You have to traverse to that element to read its value in linked list which is O(n), effectively reducing the performance of binary search to a sequential search algorithm.
If you think you have read all important books on Java and don't have anything new to read then hang on. Java is changing continuously, now Java 9 is on the way, but more importantly, it has already changed a lot in last 5 to 6 years with major releases like Java 8 and some useful features introduced in Java 7. Not only, the language is changing but also the Java virtual machine, Garbage collector, and other tools involved in Java development is changing, hence, it is now a right time to look at some of the newer Java books which are released in last 5 years to learn new features and tools of Java. Since I often receive emails and Facebook messages about some good books to read on Java, I thought to jot down books I have read in last a couple of years.
The answer to this question is both Yes and No, depending on whether you are talking about a top level class or a nested class in Java. You cannot make a top level class static in Java, the compiler will not allow it, but you can make a nested class static in Java. A top level class is a class which is not inside another class. It may or may not be public i.e. you can have more than one class in a Java source file and only needs to be public, whose name must be same as the name of the file, rest of the class or interface on that file may or may not be public. On the other hand, a nested class is a class inside a top level class. It is also known as the inner class or member class in Java.
The MDC or Mapped Diagnostic Context is a concept or feature of Log4j logging library which can be used to group related log messages together. For example, by using MDC you can stamp a unique identification String like clientId or orderId on each log message and then by using grep command in Linux, you can extract all log messages for a particular client or order to understand exactly what happened to a particular order. This is especially very useful in multi-threaded, concurrent Java applications where multiple threads are simultaneously processing multiple orders from multiple clients. In such applications, searching for relevant log messages in a big log file where log messages for multiple orders or clients are overlapping is a big task.
One of my readers asked me about the difference between ArrayList vs ArrayList< in Java?>, which was actually asked to him on a recent Java development interview. The key difference between them is that ArrayList is not using generics while ArrayList is a generic ArrayList but they looks very similar. If a method accepts ArrayList or ArrayList<?> as a parameter then it can accept any type of ArrayList e.g. ArrayList of String, Integer, Date, or Object, but if you look closely you will find that one is raw type while other is using an unbounded wildcard. What difference that could make? Well, that makes a significant difference because ArrayList with raw type is not type safe but ArrayList<?> with the unbounded wildcard is type safe.